Gingivitis is a mild, often reversible form of periodontal disease. It develops as toxins in plaque irritate the gums, making them red, tender, swollen and likely to bleed easily.
It can usually be eliminated by daily brushing, cleaning between teeth with floss and regular dental cleaning and check-up.
If not arrested, gingivitis may lead to more serious, destructive form of periodontal disease called PERIODONTITIS.
Periodontal disease is an infectious and inflammatory disease which destroys the periodontal tissues. These tissues consist of the gums and the bone that support the teeth. Periodontal disease affects three out of four adults. It is caused by a growing colony of living bacteria called “plaque.” The greatest cause of adult tooth loss is periodontal disease.
In the early stages of periodontal disease there may be no associated discomfort, therefore, you may not notice the gradual onset of puffiness and occasional bleeding. Without thorough removal, toxins from plaque cause the disease left untreated will result in extensive bone destruction and possible, eventual tooth loss.
Fortunately, if detected in the early stages periodontal disease can be treated and controlled.